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Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) in Plant Genetics

Agriculture is an important factor in the food industry. The global increase in the population and the global warming is challenging for the food industry. This rises the demand for more resistant plants against pathogens and environmental influences. NGS application in plant genetics focus mainly on two topics, these are plant breeding and plant pathogen interaction studies. 

There are different ongoing projects that generate genomic data bases about plants. The 1000 Plant Genomes Project provides sequencing data for more than 1000 plant species. The vision of the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium is a high quality genome sequence of bread wheat as foundation for the development of improved varieties. More plant genetic databases including such as arabidopsis, maize, rice, coffee can be found here

More information about different examples of NGS application in plant genetics can be found in the scientific publication category. 

NGS in Plant Breeding

New technologies like NGS together with other genomic tools are leading to a new area in plant breeding. These tools help to better understand the relation between genotype and phenotype. Next generation sequencing enables the high throughput sequencing of large and complex plant genomes and transcriptomes by producing a mass of plant genomic information. The analysis of these data help to discover new genes, regulatory sequences and determine molecular markers and quantitative trait loci (QTLs). Additional, the investigation of genome-wide expression studies help breeders to better understand the molecular basis and interaction in plant genomics.

The knowledge about QTLs will enable breeders to develop new variations with desired phenotypes such as resistance against pathogens or environmental stress and higher crop yields.

NGS in Plant Pathogen Interaction Studies

Different studies were performed in order to investigate the interaction of the plant immune system with pathogens during infections. Global plant genome studies help to identify genes that are linked to plant immunity and pathogen susceptibility.

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